Appaloosa Territory

Appaloosa History
Timberline Stock Ranch

From my acquaintance with Roy Kline, I became aware of the Timberline Stock Ranch in the early 80s. Roy had a sale catalog from a 1975 Timberline production sale held in Montana. Roy had also purchased some Timberline stock (Holy K Smoke and Nava Jo Candie) through a Haz-Cliffe sale held in Ohio where Timberline stock had been offered for sale. I was thoroughly dazzled by the spots in the Timberline catalog, and eventually wrote a letter to them, not even knowing if they were still in business. Turns out they were still in business, and that is how I learned the following about Timberline Stock Ranch, and managed to purchase some of their horses.

If Money Creek Ranches was the Leopard Capitol of the World, I think I must amend that to say that Timberline Stock Ranch was the Leopard Capitol of the West. If you have ever seen one of the Timberline catalogs, or look into the pedigrees of the Ulrich horses, you may agree with my statement. Timberline is where Don Ulrich got his big boost in producing leopard horses "they" came from Timberline Stock Ranch not out of Ulrich's back pocket. And it was certainly what put leopard spots on Wolf Oak Appaloosas - either those we purchased directly from Timberline, or those Timberline descendants we purchased from Roy Kline.

The Beginning

Ralph and Helen Brown own Timberline Stock Ranch, a 2500 acre spread in Montana. They joined the Appaloosa Horse Club in 1961. In 1956 they bred a couple of mares to an Appaloosa stallion owned by neighbor Dan Morgan. The resulting blanketed foals must have given them the disease of 'spotted fever', because they started adding Appaloosa mares to their herd. At their peak, I seem to remember Helen telling me they would have 60-90 foals in a season. That's a huge operation in anyone's book.

Dan Morgan, neighbor and Appaloosa breeder with
two daughters of Morgan's Leopard out of Thoroughbred mares.
He was probably a big influence on the Brown's.

It wasn't until 1965, while attending the National Appaloosa Show, that the 'leopard bug' bit them. From that show on, the mare band was selected for leopards. They decided they needed their own stallion as well, and selected Timberline Speckled Drifter #18715. Drifter was purchased from John Braunger in 1965 for $200, being unregistered and 28 years young at the time. The Brown's registered him and used him for three seasons.

colt out of Rocky's Papoose

The colt pictured here is a great grandson of Timberline Speckled Drifter #18715, through his dam, Rocky's Papoose #212791. "Drifter" was the first stallion owned by Timberline Stock Ranch.

The Brown's also purchased and used Morgan's Rhondo #3501 [Two Tone F-426 x Tilly Freckles F-424]. Rhondo, bred by Dan Morgan, was a bay blanket that Timberline used for five years.

Rattler C [Tip #1486 x Domino T-3289] was another stallion used at Timberline. He was a black blanket grandson of Chief Joseph F-688.

During the mid 70s, the Brown's also leased Warren's Tribal Dancer. He was later sold by the owners in one of the annual production sales.

Warren's Tribal Dancer

Warren's Tribal Dancer, a stallion leased by Timberline in the 70s.

The Leopard Days

Candy F-320

Candy F-320

Another stallion they used was Candy F-320 [Juaquin F-801 x Cloud Princess F-1026]. He was leased in 1966 from Maragret Besecker Farnsworth, Quarter Circle Circle Ranch, Gunnison, Colorado for one season. Candy was about twenty years old at the time. The majority of the foals produced by Candy F-320 the next year were leopards. From the lease of Candy F-320, the Brown's kept a leopard colt to use as a herd sire. This son of Candy F-320 was Navajo's Candy, out of the mare Crusty T-691. Crusty was purchased by the Brown's in 1965. She was a daughter of Chief Navajo F-1971 out of a daughter of Chief Navajo.*

Crusty with foal Navajo's Candy

Crusty T-691 with her foal by Candy F-320,
the future herd sire of Timberline, Navajo's Candy.
Navajo Candy with Ralph

Navajo Candy with Ralph and Helen Brown.

The Legacy of Navajo's Candy, Simcoe's Weeping Willow and Weeping Water

Navajo's Candy

Navajo's Candy #85389

Navajo's Candy did a super job of siring leopards especially from the two Simcoe Sarcee daughters that the Brown's had managed to wheedle away from Charlie W. Peterson. These two mares were Simcoe's Weeping Willow and Weeping Water. Both of these mares were re-registered by the Brown's as Charlie supposedly had a little tiff with the ApHC, and destroyed many of his horses' ApHC registration papers. It was unfortunate as the pedigree on the dam's side dead ends with "a Charlie W. Peterson mare." Simcoe's Weeping Willow produced Ulrich's Many Coups and Money Creeks Weeping Willow among others. Weeping Water produced Moroccan Leopard II-1472 (pictured below on this page), who was a herd sire for Timberline, and WOA Sarcee's Candy. I recollect Ralph saying these two mares made his program - or mares like them make your program. Either way, I could tell Ralph was very proud of those mares, and considered them a cornerstone of his current breeding program.

Weeping Water and filly by Navajo's Candy

Weeping Water and her 1975 filly by Navajo's Candy

Simcoe's Weeping Willow and her foal by Navajo's Candy

Miss Fancy Candy and colt by Rocky II

Miss Fancy Candy, a daughter of Navajo's Candy
and her 1975 foal by Moroccan Leopard II-1472 #209543.
colt by Navajo's Candy

1975 colt by Navajo's Candy out of
Gene's Half Moon ID#2018,
a mare sired by Twentythree Leopard #13490,
a Sundance bred stallion.

As mentioned above, one of the offspring of Weeping Water when she was bred to Moroccan Leopard F-1472, was Moroccan Leopard II-1472 #209543. He was also a successful sire at Timberline. He was later sold to the midwest, South Dakota if my memory is accurate.

Moroocan Leopard II-1472Moroccan Leopard II -1472

Moroccan Leopard II-1472 as a young horse and as an older stallion.

Tiny and filly by Moroccan Leopard II-1472

This filly is an example of the offspring of Moroccan Leopard II-1472. The mare is Tiny's Sugar, by Twentythree Leopard #13490, a Sundance bred stallion.

Chicka's Mayday and foal by Rocky II

Chicka's Mayday #79875, a daughter of Candy F-320 and her 1975 filly by Moroccan Leopard II-1472

Moroccan Ivy

Moroccan Ivy, a granddaughter of Moroccan Leopard II-1472.
Her dam is Rocky II Leggins. This filly was a sky eyes Appaloosa.

Dun Roven Chelsea's Image

Dun Roven Chelsea's Image in his later years.
Photo from Brenda Dix.

Helen Brown told me that Mary Hare visited them while she was an ApHC director, and more or less convinced them that they ought to get the Chief Chelsea line. In time the Brown's purchased Dun Roven Chelsea's Image #92259 [Chief Chelsea x Dun Roven Indian Penny] for $1200 as a weanling from the Woodlings of Medina, Ohio, who owned Chief Chelsea. If my memory serves me correctly, I remember that the Brown's were not entirely satisfied with him, and did not use Image that many years before selling him.

Image as foal

This is Dun Roven Chelsea's Image at 20 days old with his dam,
Dun Roven Indian Penny [High Thunderbird x Sandra].
Image at Timberline

Image with Ralph and Helen Brown.

A "typical" colt by Image. The gelding behind the colt is by
Morgan's Jauguer, out of a Thoroughbred mare.

The Busy Years

sale catalog

Cover of the 1975 Timberline Sale Catalog.

Timberline ran about 60 head of mares, and sold the majority at an annual production sale in Billings, Montana during the 70s. These sales were advertised with full page ads in the Appaloosa News. I think the reason that the name Timberline does not fall from Appaloosa folks' lips as does Ulrich and Money Creek is that they often did not register their stock. Therefore their ranch name was not attached to that many of their horses, which translates into less visibility and less notoriety.

1973 Appaloosa News ad 1974 Appaloosa News ad 1975 Appaloosa News ad

The above three items are the Timberline Stock Ranch ads in the Appaloosa News from 1973-1975.

Timberline produced broodmares

Pagen Squaw (left) and Star Leopard Lady (right), broodmares produced by Timberline Ranch.
They were sold to a breeder in Washington.

The Last Decade

It is a shame that the Brown's suffered the loss of their home twice from fire as many photographs they had preserved went up in smoke. It was a loss of Appaloosa history, as well as for the Brown's.

Helen told me that Navajo's Candy had been poisoned. Her son stated that he had been struck by lightning. Whichever way Navajo's Candy died, it was not old age. I think that loss lessened their desire to produce Appaloosas. When I contacted them, they were using a Go Par Go bred stallion from Jack Bowser on the mares they still had at the time, which appeared to be less than 10 mares in 1983. She also mentioned that Weeping Water had gone to the killers. Weeping Willow went to someplace in the midwest - Missouri sticks in my mind - for her final days. And the last son of Navajo's Candy and Weeping Water, came to Wolf Oak Appaloosas.


I hope you have gleaned from this scant text and the photographs, that at one time Timberline Stock Ranch was a huge operation in the Appaloosa community...and they truly do have a far reaching influence in today's Appaloosa world, especially among the [leopard] foundation people. They just aren't credited for it.

Update (November 2009)

It was brought to my attention by Elaine Morgan of Jesta Ranch that Timberline Stock Ranch was having a dispersal sale at the Billings (Montana) Stock Sale in the Fall of 2009. The following 21 horses were offered for sale. All foals sired by D lucky Strike unless otherwise noted.

TSR Feckles Red


TSR Indian's Red Dancer

TSR Autumn

TSR Ginger

TSR Jypsy Sue

TSR Saphire

TSR Tawny

Ulrich's Tamara

Wind River Gal

Shokoko Princess with bay colt

Brite of Dawn

OK Ima Easy Chick


BFFTSR Cheetah

D Lucky Strike, black leopard, sire of many of the foals

The 2009 foals, sired by D Lucky Strike, that sold separately:

2009 few spot colt out of TSR Timberline Lady

2009 Black blanket colt

2009 Few Spot colt

2009 Red leopard colt out of TSR Timberline Lucy

2009 red leopard filly out of BFFTSR Splash's Doll

I'll make a guess that Timberline Stock Ranch kept the dams of those five foals...maybe there will be more TSR Appaloosas in the future.

End of the Timberline Story

The above information is accurate to the best of my knowledge. Bringing any errors or discrepancies to my attention will be appreciated.

Thank you, Pat Sunstrom (granddaughter of Margaret Besecker Farnsworth), for the corrections!

*per Palmer Wagner

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This page last updated on November 27, 2009. 2003-2009 Wolf Oak Appaloosas/Appaloosa Territory